Lymphangioma is a benign lymphatic system tumor, often congenital, mainly affecting lymph nodes in various anatomic localizations. Postnatally mostly common lymphangioma manifestation occurs during the first year of life.
Today it can be readily diagnosed prenatally.
Diagnosis is based on non-invasive visualization, such as sonography and computed tomography.
The objective: is to present clinical case of manifest fetal lymphangioma diagnosed during pregnancy.
Fetal ultrasound (US) was performed at 28, 32, 34 weeks of gestation. As a result fetus was diagnosed with hypoechogenic mass in right axillary region, growing in dynamics gradually from 34×28 mm, 38×34 mm to 49×37 mm. Mass had clear even contours, hyperechogenic capsule with fine dispersed suspension content. Color doppler imaging showed avascular mass character.
After delivery at 37–38 weeks of gestation (planned Cesarean section) at newborn examination we visualized asymmetric soft elastic consistency protrusion along right midclavicular and anterior axillary region.
Described clinical case of fetal lymphangioma is a good illustration of dynamic prenatal and postnatal dynamic observation and its US interpretation.
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