Factor of Basic Pharmacologic Therapy in DSME Applying
Keywords:adherence to pharmacologic therapy, group education, diabetes mellitus
The objective: to investigate the influence of the scheme of basic pharmacologic therapy on the dynamics of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in a group of patients with type 2 diabetes on the background of the use of group DSME.
Materials and methods. The study was performed on the basis of the Department of Family Medicine and Outpatient Care within the territorial boundaries of the Kyiv agglomeration. The study included 117 patients with type 2 diabetes. The study group of patients was randomly divided into a groups of classroom training (38 people), a group of remote training (39 people) and a control group (40 people), which did not receive additional training load. Subsequently, patients from the study groups took the appropriate course in classroom (outpatient) or remote (using Skype video conferencing) formats. The education of patients methodically and meaningfully complied with the consensus recommendations of the American Diabetes Association, the American Association of Diabetes Educators and the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Subsequently, the relevant indicators of diabetes were monitored at 3 and 12 months after the start of the study and the correlation of their dynamics with the basic scheme of pharmacologic therapy ts and its change during the observation period was analyzed.
Results. During the observation period, changes in the scheme of hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic therapy were made in 10 (8,5 %) and 20 (17,0 %) patients. It should be noted that the relevant changes were bilateral, both in the direction of simplification and in the direction of intensification of drug therapy regimens. Analysis of the ratio of 3- and 12-month dynamics of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism and the scheme of hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic therapy in all study groups did not reveal a significant correlation.
Conclusions. There is no significant correlation between the basic scheme of hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic therapy with the dynamics of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism at the stages of 3- and 12-month check-points. The lack of influence of the pharmacologic therapy scheme on the positive dynamics of diabetes mellitus emphasizes the importance of group DSME in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus as a separate independent factor of improving of the disease.
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