Topical Issues in Diagnosis of Coagulopathies and Prevention of Thromboembolic Complications of Atrial Fibrillation in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis
Keywords:liver cirrhosis, atrial fibrillation, anticoagulants, coagulopathy
Nowadays the comorbid pathology of liver cirrhosis and atrial fibrillation has been widely discussed and reported in the literature in the light of recent findings from the study of the effectiveness and safety of anticoagulants in this category of patients. The review is devoted to summarizing the existing data on the comorbid course of these diseases from the point of view of the impact of bleeding and thrombosis on the quality of life and mortality of patients and the possibility of using new methods of diagnosis and prevention of these complications.
The purpose of the review is to focus the attention of physicians and researches on the relevance and prevalence of comorbid course of liver cirrhosis and atrial fibrillation, their complications, and discuss the benefits and possibilities of applying global methods of hemostasis assessment and anticoagulants in clinical practice.
This article examines the main pathophysiological aspects of «rebalanced hemostasis» theory in liver coagulopathies, its effect on the onset of bleeding and thrombotic events, and considering the clinical benefit of the use of anticoagulants. The disadvantages of traditional coagulation assessment tests compared to the benefits of thromboelastometry (ROTEM) and thromboelastography (TEG), general fulfilling principles and evaluation of their indicators are discussed. Existing research findings on the safety and efficacy of warfarin and direct oral anticoagulants in patients with liver cirrhosis and atrial fibrillation compared with no treatment are highlighted.
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